Gum (Periodontal) Disease
The word periodontal means ‘surrounding a tooth’. Periodontal disease (more commonly known as gum disease) attacks the tissues, bone and ligaments supporting your teeth. It is a common cause of tooth loss in adults and can often affect people while presenting no discernible symptoms.
Research has also proved that periodontal disease is directly linked to our general health and if left untreated can increase risks of developing more serious conditions such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, respiratory conditions and diabetes. This highlights the importance of regular dental exams to help detect and treat periodontal disease before it escalates.
Periodontal disease has two stages. The first, less serious stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis and is an easily treatable condition with reversible effects. During this stage the gums can become inflamed, may bleed during brushing and eventually begin to recede. If not detected and treated the disease can progress into its second stage- the more severe periodontitis. This is where the inflammation moves deeper into the supporting structure of your teeth, resulting in bone loss and chronic inflammation which is often painless but causes bad breath (halitosis). This damage cannot be reversed once sustained. If periodontitis remains untreated it can result in bone and tooth loss.
Prevention of Gum Disease
Early detection is important in the fight against periodontal disease. Almost all adults will suffer from the disease at some point in their lives. The risk can be minimised by maintaining a thorough oral hygiene routine and regular six monthly visits to the dentist for a professional clean and examination. Once the disease is present, it is important to receive treatment from your dentist to halt the progress of the infection.
Periodontal Treatment Sydney
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms described above, contact North Sydney Dental Practice to arrange a consultation.